Wednesday, June 20, 2012
Cells contain a myriad of organelles, structures, and molecular machines that can be rendered visible using fluorescence microscopy. Cancer, aging, stress, sickness and health elicit changes within cells that are both diagnostic and aesthetic. A guided tour of various cells will reveal some of the workings of your cells and your life.
"Halsted": Exploring Our Surgical Heritage
A little more than 100 years ago a trip to the hospital could be a death sentence. Surgery was a brutal business. One man changed all that and moved the epicenter of surgery from Europe to the United States. His philosophy of safe surgery was a concept unheard of by most physicians in the 1890s. His aseptic technique later became the cornerstone of modern surgery. His contributions to surgery were numerous and include the introduction of surgical gloves to operating theater as well as the idea of the modern residency training, which is practiced around the world. That man was William Halsted who became the first Chairman of Surgery at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. This is a story of a man who rose to prominence, plummeted into cocaine and morphine addiction and like a Phoenix, rose to become one of the most influential physicians of the 20th century.
Leveraging 3D Imaging and Analysis Tools to Deliver Greater Value to Your Customers
In today's economy hospitals and universities are extremely bottom-line oriented. Smart biocommunications professionals see this as an opportunity to make their departments more indispensable by delivering increasingly greater value to their customers.
Their value expands because the advent of 3D photography has radically changed the way information can be graphically conveyed for clinical and research purposes. Combining accurate 3D data sets with attractive color images of the surface of the human body and advanced multimodal 3D analysis software has enabled biocommunications professionals to go beyond traditional photography by providing their customers with platforms for quantifying, planning, simulating and analyzing clinical outcomes or documenting research with sub-millimeter accuracy.
This session will explore ways to leverage 3D imaging and analysis tools to benefit your customers...and yourselves.
Thursday, June 21, 2012Return to top
The Johns Hopkins Atlas of Pathology, The iPad Application
"The Johns Hopkins Atlas of Pancreatic Pathology" is the first diagnostic pathology atlas released for a mobile device. Since our goal is to educate and to reach a wide audience, we have made the app available free of charge through the iTunes store. In the first two weeks the app was available, it was downloaded over 1,800 times by users from 22 different countries.
The atlas is designed to train pathology residents, fellows and practicing physicians to diagnose pancreatic pathology. The app covers 115 diagnostic entities, and contains over 1,400 hi-res color images and 26 original medical illustrations. The atlas contains 3 main parts: an interactive diagnostic algorithm, a searchable image atlas, and an image based quiz.
ShuttlePix P-400R Portable Digital Microscope
The ShuttlePix P-400R Portable Digital Microscope from Nikon is a portable digital microscope that has a sleek, compact design well suited for onsite use. This new concept in digital microscopy allows for much simpler remote inspection of large samples that had previously been too challenging. The versatility of the battery powered ShuttlePix system means the user can bring the microscope to onsite objects such as an aircraft airframe, turbine casting or pipe work that often cannot be reached with a standard microscope. Operators can use the ShuttlePix for inspection, observation, simple measurement and recording of high resolution images in industrial applications, as well as other practical imaging applications where an object needs to be inspected on site and in its correct position without risk of damage.
Cross-Polarisation, Making it Practical
The speaker investigated the use of cross polarisation for day-to-day use after a request from a clinician to remove specula highlights from intra-oral photographs. This talk evaluates camera and light source devices for image capture using cross-polarisation. Following this it defines ways to calibrate the camera to the correct white balance. lt then develops by carrying out a series of tests to define the point of influence in regard to signal to noise ratio. These tests showed that certain cameras anti-aliasing filters are more prominent than others and therefore can have a significant affect. ln conclusion, when the appropriate equipment is employed, cross-polarisation is a viable and practical technique that has application within the medical, scientific, and forensic fields.
Sharpening Your Tools
Making effective and dynamic photographs has always been a professional photographer's end goal. Really, who would want to make boring and ineffective images? In today's digital environment, the potential tools and methods to achieve extraordinary outcomes are rich and numerous. Approaches now go well beyond simply ideal composition and framing. This richly illustrated presentation will showcase effectively using graded neutral density and other optical filters. It will discuss other at capture considerations that directly apply to many image making situations. Also included will be suggestions for image editing methods to achieve outstanding and stunning outcomes using Software such as Adobe Lightroom.
3D Imaging for Pre-visualization of ENT Patients
It is difficult for many E.N.T. physicians who also do cosmetic surgery on the nose to demonstrate outcomes to patients. The system I use has been a success but I wanted to explore an improvement on the system by adding 3D imaging to the pre-op process. I received an EFFE grant to explore and do the photographic testing. Along with Dr. Michael Setzen, I have worked on adding 3D using the Fuji 3D camera and providing 3D images. My theory is that the added depth in viewing the image will give the patient a better understanding of outcomes and will aid in the communication with the physician so that the results better match the desires of the patient. 3D glasses will be provided for this demonstration.
Interdisciplinary Development of 3D Laryngeal Surgical Simulation
To animate compound anatomical structures such as the larynx, each individual component must be captured and assembled together into a deformable structure. Tomographic scans can provide compound structures as whole digital objects, however low contrasts between similar components in contact with one another are difficult to successfully extract as individual objects. Manual creation of these components then is necessary. This presentation documents the collaborative process between medical professional and digital artist to manually create a detailed and accurate digital model of the larynx composed of 25 individual components.
Photography in Dermatology from the Studio to the OR
Mohs surgery is a highly specialised surgical technique used in the removal of certain types of skin cancers, in particular basal cell carcinomas (BCCs or rodent ulcers) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). The Mohs Micrographic Surgery technique was developed in the 1930's by Dr. Frederic Mohs, whilst working at the Department of Zoology at the University of Wisconsin. This paper explores the role photography plays in supporting the Mohs service at the Welsh Institute of Dermatology for patient care and in the teaching of cutaneous surgery to clinicians. It will also cover the issues of standardising photography across the studio and operating room environments.
Dermatology Photography Project
The analysis of dermatological disease is fundamentally subjective, given the variability from physician to physician. However, many treatment criteria and evaluation guidelines are based upon the quantification of this subjective data. In the case of Psoriasis, an autoimmune disorder of the skin, symptoms are graded according to the Psoriasis Area Severity Index, or PASI. There are three features of psoriasis that make up the score, including thickness, redness and scaling. Each feature is assigned a number from 0 to 4 with 4 being the worst. The extent of the involvement in each area is then scored with values from 0 to 6. These scores are then added to give an overall severity index. Current practice includes the evaluation of these criteria by the physician through visual and tactile assessment. Photographic evaluation seems a natural fit for at least two of the three feature criteria, and has remarkable potential for grading the extent when coupled with imaging analysis software designed to separate anomaly from background. This objective of this project has been to find and combine the optimum photographic and imaging methods for psoriasis with anomaly detection software. The imaging methods were tested and optimized for the PASI criteria in order to differentiate that feature from normal tissue with as much relative contrast as possible while minimizing artifact. This contrast afforded the best possible setup for the anomaly detection software to differentiate the affected tissue, providing for both severity (degree of difference) and extent. By providing for a repeatable method for determining extent and involvement, imaging-based assessment could offer quantitative scoring data for the PASI.
Friday, June 22, 2012Return to top
"Quantitation" has become the primary buzzword when it comes to reviewing images in scientific journals. Unfortunately, many investigators do not truly understand the extent to which this simple word can affect what is, and more importantly, what is not acceptable in collecting, processing and publishing their data. Images must be treated with the same level of rigor as any other experimental protocol, and alterations to those images can be interpreted as akin to alterations in the scientific record - an offense punishable with retraction of papers, loss of funding, exclusion from peer committees and even jail time. In a 2008 review, the US Office of Research Integrity reported that 68% of it's cases under investigation involved image data, compared to 12% 10 years earlier and only 4% in 1993. The problem is only getting worse and educating the "Photoshop Generation" appears to be the best approach for addressing this difficult issue.
The Seven Deadly Myths of Mobile Apps
A set of persistent myths are driving the development of mobile experiences that frustrate more than delight. "Info snacking." "The distracted, rushed mobile user." Those behaviors don't always, or even usually, exist, yet too often companies design solely for those contexts, creating mobile apps as lite versions of their desktop counterparts. Instead, mobile apps should almost always do MORE than their desktop counterparts. Designer Josh Clark will describe how people REALLY use mobile apps. He'll explain the difficult craft of designing simple interfaces for complex mobile apps and discuss how publishers need to organize their content for a dizzying constellation of devices. He'll share techniques for future-friendly mobile efforts and, along the way, debunk seven stubborn mobile myths.
Learning to See Photographically
With the advent of very advanced digital cameras, technical issues are of less concern than in the days of film. Photography however has always been about the image! In this one hour presentation I will attempt to inspire you to look deeper into the visual process of making an image. We will touch on light, composition, and your visual approach to subject matter.
InfoShare has been a staple of the BIOCOMM meeting for a large number of years. During InfoShare, a variety of presenters will come up and demonstrate a tip, trick or gadget that makes our life as image makers better. It may be a device used to take a photo remotely or a type of paper used for specialized printing. Really, any interesting item or subject may be presented. Each presenter will be given a maximum of 5 minutes to speak.
Please contact Jim Koepfler if you would like to be included in the InfoShare program.
Show Us Your Stuff
Show Us Your Stuff is similar to InfoShare in that we will have multiple presenters; what's different is content. The purpose of Show Us Your Stuff is for presenters to show an image, describe the purpose and audience for the image and describe the technique used to create the image. Presenters are encouraged to show images accepted and awarded from the BioImages Salon, but any interesting image is what we are looking for. Each presenter will be given 10-15 minutes for their presentation.
Please contact Jim Koepfler if you would like to be a part of Show Us Your Stuff.
The "How-To" On Managing Your Media
This topic will provide and overview for individuals looking to manage their digital assets. it will discuss the principles behind the concept, the technologies used to carry out the task and what is necessary to maintain your collection. Principles will include why this is important, what is needed, and how to get started. Technologies will include the systems that are being used in the market to manage small and large-scale amounts of digital content. Open-source, proprietary, and established systems will be discussed and also ways to manage collections without purchasing or building a system. Maintenance includes writing protocols for the workflow of the process from start to finish, which is the creation of the content to the final site where the asset has been archived.
Designing MATU/Internet Broadcast for a Multi-Site Health System
After dealing with a single building, MATU system from 20 years, Buffalo General merged with two additional hospitals. We needed to build standard TV Systems at all sited to provide education and entertainment to patients, and education to staff. We now provide this among five hospitals and multiple outpatient sites through our MATU Internet.
The Ann Shiras Pioneer Lecture
Turbo-charge your creative life by learning to see and make discoveries in many ways. Create a dynamic synergy using skills you already have. Your creative process should grow and evolve with you. Don't just let it happen. Make a commitment to it. Get creative with your creativity!
The BCA welcomes John Paul Caponigro as the Ann Shiras Pioneer Lecturer for BIOCOMM 2012. John Paul combines his background in painting with traditional and alternative photographic processes using the digital platform. Caponigro's primary focus is the natural world. The wastelands he photographs are breathtakingly beautiful, yet the conspicuous absences found within them add an unusual complexity. Respected as an authority on creativity and fine art digital printing, John Paul's work has been published widely in numerous periodicals and books.
Read more about John Paul Caponigro's presentation "Illuminating Creativity" as the Ann Shiras Pioneer Lecture and view samples of his work.